Daily life management of breast cancer

March. 09,2021

Daily life management of breast cancer

Achieve and maintain a healthy weight

Try to make the weight reach the normal range (that is, the body mass index is 18.5-23.9kg/m2). For overweight and obese breast cancer patients, dietary energy intake should be reduced, and individualized exercise weight loss guidance should be accepted. For patients with malnutrition or underweight, a nutrition improvement plan should be developed and implemented.

Participate in physical activity regularly

Adult breast cancer patients aged 18 to 64 should take at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise every week (5 times a week, 30 minutes each time), or 75 minutes of high-intensity aerobic exercise, and strength training at least 2 times a week. Elderly patients older than 65 years old should also exercise as much as possible in accordance with the above recommendations.

Reasonable nutrition and diet

Recommend a low-fat diet, choose high-quality protein (such as fish, lean meat, eggs, nuts, soy, etc.), eat more fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and less refined grains, red meat and processed meat, desserts, high-fat milk and deep-fried food.

Consume health products with caution

Health care products containing a large amount of estrogen should be used with caution, so as not to stimulate the proliferation of breast epithelial cells again.

Quit smoking and alcohol

Daily condition monitoring

Patients should pay attention to post-operative follow-up. It is recommended to do it every 3 months within two years after the operation, and check it every six months within 3 to 5 years. After 5 years, you can consider annual re-examination. The doctor will recommend appropriate follow-up according to each patient’s condition. Interval time, if there is any unsuitability during the follow-up period, see a doctor in time.

Special considerations

Some people mistakenly think that they cannot have sex after suffering from breast cancer. This is a wrong idea. Marital life will not cause abnormal fluctuations of hormones in the body. On the contrary, a harmonious family life and married life will help breast cancer patients recover both physically and psychologically and help them reintegrate into society.

prevention

For the prevention of breast cancer, the World Health Organization recommends that by adjusting daily life styles and paying attention to disease screening, the risk of disease can be reduced to a certain extent.

Non-breast cancer high-risk population screening

2039 years old

Breast screening is not recommended for this age group.

4070 years old

Mammography is performed once a year, and it is recommended to combine with B-ultrasound for dense breasts (mammograms suggest that the glands are type c or type d).

70 years old or above

Mammograms are checked every 1 to 2 years.

Screening for high-risk groups of breast cancer

It is recommended to start breast screening earlier (<40 years old), take mammography once a year, take breast ultrasound every 6 to 12 months, and take breast enhanced MRI once a year if necessary.